Friday, September 9, 2011

Easy Peasy Journal Tutorial - Part one: backgrounds

Well, just when you thought it might never happen, here it is! The first part of a three part tutorial on art journaling. Because I am using the techniques/ideas that I use in my current everyday journal (the altered atlas) and people seem to assume it's all really complicated I have decided to call it the Easy Peasy Journal Tutorial, just to prove everybody wrong! ;-)

Here's what we'll be doing:

In part one it's all about preparing the background of your journal in a quick and easy way.
In part two it's all about embellishing pages with collage and other items.
In part three we will delve into the whats and hows of writing to finish up the pages.

I hope you will enjoy this tutorial. If you have any questions please ask them in the comment section so others can learn from it too. If anything is not clear in the instructions or just doesn't make sense, please let me know. Sometimes things that speak for themselves to me can be completely new to somebody else and I want this tutorial to be clear and instructive. So any feedback on how to improve it is welcome. Thank you.

Here we go!


What you need
  • Something to journal on that's made of paper. An old book, a composition book, a blank book, a fancy journal, a sketchbook. I believe you can journal on just about any kind of paper. I have had all kinds of journals in my life and they all worked fine. 
  • Gesso. Make sure your gesso is not of the gritty kind. I have a very smooth one without any grains in it. A gritty gesso will ruin all your pens, except maybe brush pens.
  • Brushes of a reasonable size. There's no need for detailed brushwork in this tutorial. We're painting big surfaces and doing it fast.
  • Water. For diluting the paint and cleaning your brushes. Acrylic paint that is not diluted will become sticky and you don't want your journal pages sticking together.
  • Paint. In this tutorial I'm using regular acrylic paint. You can also use watercolor or gouache. The effect will be a little different and watercolor will not be waterproof afterwards. That does not matter for the things I do in my journal, but it might matter to you, so keep that in mind.
  • A blow dryer. This one is optional, but I can't live without one when I'm using paint. It so helps with the drying time.
  • An old credit card, bank card or anything card like. This is used for one of the background techniques I want to show you. 
To show you that you can make a journal out of anything I decided to make a small journal especially for this tutorial and here's what I chose for it:

It's a little local newspaper that's printed on ordinary copy paper. It's stapled in the middle to hold the pages together and measures about 21x30 cm (A4 size). This will make a nice little 16 page journal for our tutorial. I know it's hard to believe right now, but stick with me and I'll prove it to you. ;-) The preprinted pages will give an extra effect to the final pages, but it's not necessary to have preprinted pages, a blank journal will do just fine. Just go with what you like.

Preparing the surface

Before we can make things pretty we have to make the paper suitable for all the media it will be covered with. This is where gesso comes in. Gesso is like the great equalizer. It can make all kinds of paper ready for mixed media use. Gesso is an artist's best friend. All you have to do is cover every page in it. Make sure the gesso is dry before you turn a page or they will stick together and you will tear them. See, this is where a hair blow dryer is essential! ;-) Here's how one spread in my journal looked after gessoing it.

As you can tell, you can still see the print underneath, but it's become a lot more vague. If you use an old book or other printed matter and don't want anything to show through, what you can do is add more layers of gesso. I however want some things to show through for the extra effect.

When the gesso is dry it's time for some color! I will show you two basic quicky techniques that will give you room to play with paint and make colorful backgrounds. Time to get your paints!

I only used four different colors on my easy peasy journal. You can go with many more, but I'm sure only two colors would work too. Don't think you need loads and loads of different colors. Just pick a couple that you really like. You don't even need to mix them.

Background technique #1 - painting with a card 

This is a very good technique if you like a very smooth background.Take your old credit card or similar kind of card and put a dab of paint on your surface. You don't need to dilute your paint with water for this technique by the way.

As you can see I used a little card that came with some direct marketing mail. These cards are everywhere these days, so it's almost impossible not to have one lying somewhere or just finding its way to you through the mail. ;-)

Now use your card to scrape the paint around the page. You will see that some paint gets stuck to the card and that's how you can divide it over your spread. You'd be amazed how far one little dab of paint will take you. Keep on scraping until the page is covered in the way you like. It could look something like this:

You may want to put some scrap paper underneath the pages you're working on to prevent the paint from smearing into the other spreads. Doing this one layer leaves a nice smooth surface that dries almost immediately (you don't really need a blow dryer for this technique, haha)

The fun part comes when you start adding more layers this way in other colors. Just dab on a different color and start spreading that with your card. And maybe a third one after that or more, or repeat the color you  used before. The result could be something like this:

No matter how many layers you put on, the page will still feel smooth, as long as you make sure to really spread out the paint with the card. Don't cover every part of the color underneath, but try to make patterns or groups of color. Experiment with different colors on top of each other. This technique alone could make you fill tons of books with backgrounds that all look different from each other. Play with it and see what happens and how many different ones you can make.

Here's another spread from my easy peasy journal done with the credit card technique:

On this one I first put different colors on the top and bottom of the spread and then went over them with other colors to pul the pages together.

Background technique #2 - the open and close technique

This technique is so simple and makes for such pretty backgrounds that I cannot believe I did not think of it years earlier. This time you do need your water and a big brush.

Dab a little paint on each page. In this case I chose one color for the left side and a different one for the right.

Now really wet your paintbrush and with your wet brush divide the paint over the pages. One color on each side in this case. Make sure the pages are really wet. If you don't the paint will dry too fast and your pages will stick together and tear during the next phase.

Make sure you act reasonably quick now. Close the pages onto one another and rub them together. Then take them apart again. Presto!

Not only will the colors rub off on each other, but the surface gets these really cool patterns that remind me of the crater landscape of the moon. The photo above doesn't really do it justice I'm afraid. The surface is not as smooth as with the credit card technique, but still smoot enough to write over, because you rub the pages together.

You can put variety in this technique by using more colors or by dividing the colors differently over the spread. You could for instance put one color on top and another on the bottom or make rough figures with your paintbrush before closing the pages. Again this is a matter of experimenting. It's a fun and quick technique to make different kinds of pages. I've come to use it a lot.

Here's some other spreads from the easy peasy journal done with this technique:


Both these spreads were done pretty much the same as the one above, but as you can see color use already makes a huge difference.

End of part one

Well, those were the two techniques I wanted to show you. As you see, nothing fancy necessary. Just slap some color on those pages and you're good to go for the next stage which we'll tackle next week. You might want to get some old (or new) magazines for that one, because we will be doing a little collage and embellishing the pages.

Hope you enjoyed this first part of the tutorial. The next one will be up next Friday and the third and last one the Friday after that. I look forward to your responses and hope you got some ideas to prepare your pages. I hope you will join me for part two next week!

For now I wish you all a very artsy weekend!